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2015成人英语三级语法词汇练习及详解
时间:2015-09-22 来源:贵州大学成考网 http://www.gzzsks.net

  一、插入语干扰

  1. He believes in himself, _________, in my opinion, is of great importance.

  A. that B. which C. what D. as

  2. He hasn't come yet. What do you consider_________to him?

  A. happens B. has happened C. happening D. to happen

  3. John plays football _________, if not better than, David.

  A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as

  4. The manager decided to give the job to_________he believed had a strong sense of duty.

  A. whoever B. whomever C. who D. those

  [析]这类题主要是利用插入语,增加句子的复杂程度,从而达到干扰学生视线的目的。我们只要去掉冗余信息(插入语),答案就一目了然了。

  二、标点符号干扰

  5. Tom,_________sure to come tomorrow.

  A. is B. be C. was D. would be

  [析] 很明显,Tom在这里并不是句子的主语,而是称呼语。

  三、疑问句干扰

  命题人利用一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的特殊结构,达到干扰目的。解题时,只要把句子还原为陈述句,就可以看清它的庐山真面目了。如:

  6. Who would you rather_________with you tomorrow, Tom or Smith?

  A. have to go B. have go C. have gone D. had go

  [析]我们可以把它变为陈述句:I would rather have Tom go with me tomorrow. 原来是把句子的宾语提前到了句首,go是省去了to的不定式作宾语补足语。

  四、倒装句干扰

  7. On the grass_________two sheep.

  A. lies B. lie C. lying D. laid

  [析]这个句子的语是two sheep而非grass,故选用复数谓语动词。

  五、从句和先行词分离干扰

  同位语和定语从句一般情况下是紧跟在先行词之后,但有时为了句子平衡的需要,先行词和从句分开,从而造成了干扰。如:

  8. The question came up at the meeting _________ we had enough money for our research.

  A. that B. which C. whether D. if

  [析]后面的句子是一个同位语从句,而它的先行词是句首的question.

  六、省略句干扰

  9. The girl is very shy, and never speaks until_________to.

  A. spoken B. speaking C. speak D. be spoken

  [析]这个句子从句省去了相同的主语she和be动词,可以恢复为:The girl is very shy, and never speaks until she is spoken to.

  10. If you don't go there,_________I.

  A. neither do B. nor will C. so do D. neither did

  [析]此句尽管条件状语从句用的是一般现在时态,但并不一定表示现在的动作。从句子意义来判断,动作发生的时间应该在将来,很显然,它省去了一个将来时间状语。

  七、被动句干扰

  11. Every minute is made full use of_________at our lessons.

  A. to work B. working C. having worked D. being worked

  [析]有些同学一见到介词,后面马上用名词或动名词。这恰恰落入了命题人设置的陷阱。此题of的宾语实际上是every minute.如果把它变为主动式,答案就显而易见了。即:We make full use of every minute to work at our lessons.

  八、搭配干扰

  有时,出题人故意造成是某种固定搭配的假象,似是而非,极易上当。

  12. This is the very room_________I slept in that evening.

  A. that B. which C. where D. at which

  [析]时间状语that evening前面不必加介词in,故这个定语从句应用关系代词引导,考虑到先行词被very修饰,故用that引导定语从句。试比较:

  This is the very room where I slept in the evening.

  13. The country life he was used to_________greatly since the opening policy.

  A. change B. has changed C. changing D. having changed

  [析]he was used to在句中作定语从句,修饰life.分析句子结构,整个句子缺少谓语动词,故填入主句谓语。

  九、定语从句干扰

  14. The young student did all that he could_________the examinations.

  A. pass B. to pass C. passing D. passed

  [析]that he could (do) 是定语从句,修饰all.to pass the examinations在句子中作目的状语。

  15. Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had_________went wrong again.

  A. it B. it repaired C. repaired D. to be repaired

  [析]这道题考查了两个知识点,一是考查了have sth. done结构,二是定语从句。she had had repaired(had的宾语which在定语从句中提前,且省略了)是定语从句,修饰the washing machine.此句可译为:"布朗夫人很失望地发现她刚刚请人修理好的洗衣机又出了毛病。"

  十、非正常语序干扰

  16. The home improvements have taken what little there is_________my spare time.

  A. from B. in C. of D. at

  [析]为了保持句子平衡,该句采用了非正常语序。该句的正常语序是:The home improvements have taken what little of my spare time there is. 本句意为"改善家庭居住条件占去了我仅有的一点业余时间。"there is是定语从句,用来修饰前面的名词短语what little of my spare time.

  十一、强调句干扰

  17. It is the protection for the trees_________really matters, rather than how many trees are planted.

  A. what B. that C. / D. which

  [析]此句是强调句,强调主语。可还原为:The protection for the trees really matters, rather than how many trees are planted.

  十二、词形变化干扰

  18. -I like football.

  -_________my sister and me.

  A. So do B. So are C. So did D. So it is with

  [析]如不仔细观察,学生很可能选择A.应该要注意这里的me.我们知道so does sb. 句式是一个倒装句,即sb. 是句子的主语,要求用主格。



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